What is Mycoplasma genitalium (MG)
MG is a bacterium that has been recently identified as a sexually transmitted infection. It can infect the mucus membranes of the urethra, cervix, throat, and anus.
It is transmitted via vaginal, anal, and oral sex.
What are the symptoms?
- MG infection can be silent (no symptoms) or can present with:
- Penile discharge
- Stinging or burning on passing urine
- Pain in the pelvis and during sexual intercourse
- Abnormal vaginal discharge
How is MG tested for?
MG is tested for on a swab or urine in the same way as the laboratory tests for chlamydia infection
How is MG treated?
MG is treated with antibiotics. Unfortunately antibiotic resistance is a problem and you may need to have a second course if the first one doesn’t clear the infection
How do I know if the infection is gone?
You will be tested again 3-4 weeks after antibiotic treatment. If the test is still positive, you will be prescribed a different antibiotic.
Should my partner/s be treated?
Yes, it is important to tell all sexual partners from the past three months of your diagnosis and suggest they have testing and treatment. You must use condoms during sex for a week after antibiotic treatment.
How do I avoid getting MG infection again?
The best protection is to use condoms with all sexual activity – i.e. practice safe sex. More information can be found here – https://www.ashs.org.nz/safer-sex.html.
Date Issued: 17/01/2019 PCS-PI-025
Authorised by: HOD, Patient Services